Difference between Ceramic and Porcelain Tile?
The technical difference boils down to the density of the tile and its water absorption rate. Porcelain Tile is denser, with a water absorption rate of 0.5 or lower, than baked at higher temperatures. This makes Porcelain Tile a very durable product, making it a great floor and wall covering. It can be used in interiors and exteriors in both residential and commercial applications. Finally, it is a great option for submerged applications like pools and water features.
Ceramic is a bit of a softer material allowing for many more creative patterns, textures and shapes. The glaze on Ceramic tile is also vibrant due to the tile’s higher porosity, making it fun and colorful for Wall Tile and Decorative Tile in endless combinations.
Does Porcelain Tile Chip Easily?
No, porcelain tile is a very dense and durable product that does not chip easily. Furthermore, some Porcelain Tile can be “Through Body” or have a color matched body making it less noticeable if you do have a surface chip – when compared to a white or red body Ceramic Tile.
Is Porcelain Tile Flooring Slippery?
For the most part, no – we say this because a polished Porcelain Tile when used in a large format can be slippery. This is mainly due to its finish though not the nature of construction. Due again to its higher density, Porcelain tile flooring is actually less slippery when compared to Ceramic Tile and manufacturers will usually test for this prior to selling it and provide a COF (Coefficient of Friction) rating. Tiles with a higher rating are less slippery; it is important to note that other factors like slope, liquids on surface, and surface finishes can also affect this.
For exterior flooring applications near wet areas like pools, Porcelain Tile is also available with an anti-slip finish. Different tile brands provide some of their product lines in these different ratings. Typically an R11 or R12 rating for exterior use tile in wet areas is recommended. The higher the rating number the more aggressive the texture will be.
Is Porcelain Tile Flooring Expensive?
When compared to hardwood flooring – as a different flooring type with similar lifespan – it is comparable in price. When compared to natural stone it is significantly less expensive and even less expensive than most Ceramic Decorative Tiles.
Due to its wide availability it is an affordable flooring and wall covering option.
Is Porcelain Tile Flooring Hard to Install?
Today there are many options for setting materials (Adhesives), substrate preparation (floor leveling), and grout options that are specifically engineered and designed to work with Porcelain Tiles. There are also many specific tools used for Porcelain Tile installation, even for the modern Large Format Tile, and all are widely available, making installation as simple as any other type of tile.
How Porcelain Tile is manufactured