Synthetic fibers are usually made up of one of three materials: nylon, polypropylene or polyester.
All three are created using oil and natural gas. Almost 75% of carpet today is made of nylon and from a performance perspective, is considered the best overall. Nylon will maintain color, styling and appearance for longer and has a high resistance to fade, heat and stains.In comparison the other fibers, like polypropylene, is not as resilient or resistant to abrasion as nylon, however it is naturally stain and fade resistant. Polypropylene’s natural resistance to moisture means that it must be dyed before being extracted, resulting in a more limited range of color options. Polypropylene is most often used in loop pile carpet constructions.And finally, the third type of fibers used in carpets is polyester. Polyester is also not as resilient as nylon but does have good color clarity and stain & fade resistance.